History of Health Research in New Zealand
Milestones and scientific breakthroughs achieved through New Zealand’s research
New Zealand’s first medical school
New Zealand’s first medical school opens at the University of Otago.
The Health Department
The Health Department begins promoting and carrying out research into public health and preventing or treating disease, following the Health Act 1920.
Establishes its own departmental
The Health Department establishes its own departmental committee for medical research.
The Medical Research Council is created as a stand-alone institute, replacing the departmental committee for medical research.
The Auckland Medical Research Foundation is established; other regional organisations followed in the 1960s.
The University of Auckland
The University of Auckland establishes the Auckland Medical School
The Cartwright Inquiry
The Cartwright Inquiry into cervical cancer research at National Women’s Hospital is conducted.
Health Research Council
The Health Research Council (HRC) is established under the Health Research Council Act 1990. The Act broadens the HRC’s scope beyond that of the Medical Research Council to include public health and Māori health research, while maintaining funding of biomedical research.
The Privacy Act 1993
The Privacy Act 1993 and the Health Information Privacy Code 1994 become law.
The Code of Health
The Code of Health and Disability Services Consumers’ Rights and New Zealand’s informed consent model are introduced.
HRC funding transfers
HRC funding transfers from the Ministry of Health to the Ministry of Research, Science and Technology so that the Ministry can implement the full-cost funding model across the science system.
New Zealand Public Health
The New Zealand Public Health and Disability Act 2000 establishes a national ethics review system for health and disability research.
The Centres of Research
The Centres of Research Excellence (CoREs) programme is created. It has since supported many centres performing health research, including the Maurice Wilkins Centre, Brain Research New Zealand, MedTech CoRE, the Riddet Institute and Gravida.
National Science Challenges
The National Science Challenges are established. Many are relevant to health and wellbeing, in particular: A better start, Ageing well, and Healthier lives.
A review of the HRC recommends developing New Zealand’s first health research strategy, changes to the Ministerial oversight of the HRC, streamlining of HRC reporting and improvements to HRC processes.
$97 million over four years
The Government announces the largest-ever increase in New Zealand health research funding of $97 million over four years, bringing HRC funding to $123 million in 2019/20.
Australia and New Zealand
Australia and New Zealand sign the Australia New Zealand Science, Research and Innovation Cooperation Agreement.